EAWOP SGM 2013
Description of the Small Group Meeting
Resource-oriented interventions at work: Designing and evaluating interventions to promote well-being and performance
In this small group meeting, we aim to advance best practice in the design and evaluation of resource-oriented interventions in the workplace. Resources are defined as “objects, personal characteristics, conditions, or energies that are valued by the individual or that serve as a means for attainment of these objects, personal characteristics, conditions, or energies” (Hobfoll, 1989; p. 516). Typical examples of resources that have been examined in the work context include:
- Personal resources, including psychological capital (Luthans, Avolio, Avey & Norman, 2007), vitality (Ryan & Frederick, 1997), work engagement (Hakanen, Perhoniemi, Toppinen-Tanner, 2008), regulatory resources (Muraven, Tice & Baumeister, 1998), and recovery experiences (Sonnentag, Binnewies, and Mojza, 2008).
- Social resources, including emotional support (DeLongis, Folkman & Lazarus, 1988) and work-family interpersonal capitalization (Ilies, Keeney & Scott, 2011).
- Job resources including social support from colleagues, supervisor support, autonomy, task variety, feedback (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007; Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004) and resources derived from the physical features of the work environment (Vischer, 2007).
The aim of this small group meeting is two-fold. Firstly, we aim to examine how best to design resource-based interventions, and secondly, we aim to examine how best to evaluate such interventions. In order to achieve this, we are interested in exploring the following questions:
- What resources are the optimal ones to fuel with such interventions?
- Are there optimal designs for such interventions? For example, how long should such interventions be?
- Are there specific population groups (i.e. vulnerable groups, high stress groups) who benefit the most from specific interventions?
- How are resource-based interventions best evaluated? How long should we expect the effects of such interventions to last?
- Going forward, how can current research and evaluation designs be improved upon to capture psychological changes that occur as a result of these interventions?
Publication of papers
We are planning to publish a selection of the papers in a special issue of an academic journal. This will be discussed in more detail at the SGM.