SECORE Regulation - A microanalytical look at cognitive, motivational & emotional regulatory behaviour in child-caregiver interaction
Arnold, F., König, M.
Research of self-regulation (SR) in children is essential as SR predicts development and success in life. Microanalytic approaches of child-caregiver-dyads similar to the pilot study of Pauen, Mata & Kläger (2018) focus on cognitive-regulatory behaviour. An extension to emotional and motivational dimensions is presented now to fill the gap. The experiment consists of three major tasks which split the data into four coding sets. Ten four-year-old and caregiver dyads were included in the final analysis. The videos were coded with the SECORE coding scheme. Four raters trained for intercoder-reliability (κ=0.78-0.97). Research interest is whether the experiment’s different tasks truly allow the assessment of different regulatory dimensions (set 1: cognitive, 2: motivational, 3 & 4: emotional). We also examined the relation between the children’s asking for co-regulation (iCR) or self-regulation (SR) and the adults' co-regulation (CR). To compare the regulatory dimension across sets, we calculated a 4x3-design MANOVA. Results of set 1 and 2 mostly showed cognitive and motivational, of 3 and 4 emotional regulation. Correlation of the children's iCR and SR with the adults' CR is moderate (r=.4 & r=.3), the latter not in the expected direction. A linear regression showed iCR as unable to predict CR. All in all, the new tasks add motivational and emotional dimensions of regulatory behaviour. However, the relation between iCR or SR to CR is inconclusive and requires further research.
Eltern-Kind-Interaktion, Mikroanalyse, Selbstregulation