Ruprecht-Karls-Universitaet Heidelberg

Recent Publications

Schubert, A.-L., Hagemann, D., & Frischkorn, G. T. (accepted). Is general intelligence little more than the speed of higher-order processing? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
Schubert, A.-L., Hagemann, D., Voss, A., & Bergmann, K. (2017). Evaluating the model fit of diffusion models with the root mean square error of approximation. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 77, 29-45. doi: 10.1016/

Prof. Dr. Dirk Hagemann

Prof. Dr. Dirk Hagemann
Heidelberg University
Institute of Psychology
Hauptstrasse 47-51
D-69117 Heidelberg

Office Hour:
The office hours will only be scheduled once a month due to a sabbatical term. The dates will be announced soon.

Room F025
Fon +49-(0)6221-54-7283
Fax +49-(0)6221-54-7325

Academic Career

since 2008 Full professor (W3) of personality psychology at Heidelberg University
2006 - 2008 Acting professor (W2) of personality psychology at Heidelberg University (Germany)
2004 Habilitation (advanced PhD) in psychology, based on research papers on the quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG)
2001 - 2006 Assistant professor (C1) in the Department of Psychology, University of Trier
1999 - 2001 Research fellow of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in the Laboratory of Personality and Cognition (Director: Prof. Dr. P. T. Costa Jr.) at the National Institute on Aging, NIH, Baltimore (USA)
1999 Dr. rer. nat. Dissertation on brain asymmetry and affective style
1997 - 1999 Research assistant in the Department of Psychology, University of Trier
1997 Diploma in psychology
1991 - 1997 Study of psychology and philosophy at the University of Trier (Germany)


  • Personality psychology
  • Psychophysiology of personality
  • Intelligence
  • Psychometrics
  • Structural equation modeling

Research Interests

  • Brain asymmetry and affective style
  • Psychophysiology of extraversion
  • Reward sensitivity theory
  • Physiological and cognitive concomitants of emotions
  • Psychometrics

Research Projects funded by the DFG

  • Cerebral laterality and emotion: asymmetry in neural representations of affective reactions (HA 3044/1-1)
  • The prefrontal cortex and its role in emotion, motivation, and attention (HA 3044/3-1)
  • Attention regulation in visual search for affective stimuli: CNS activity and behavioral concomitants (HA 3044/5-1)
  • Activity of neural network components as predictor of affective style (HA 3044/6-1)

Selected Publications

1. Journals

  • Schubert, A.-L., Hagemann, D., Voss, A., & Bergmann, K. (in press). Evaluating the model fit of diffusion models with the root mean square error of approximation. Journal of Mathematical Psychology. doi: 10.1016/
  • Hillmann, K., Neukel, C., Hagemann, D., Herpertz, S. C., & Bertsch, K. (in press). Resilience factors in women with severe early life maltreatment. Psychopathology.
  • Frischkorn, G. T., Schubert, A.-L., Neubauer, A. B., & Hagemann, D. (2016). The Worst Performance Rule as Moderation: New Methods for Worst Performance Analysis. Journal of Intelligence, 4 (online). doi:10.3390/jintelligence4030009. (PDF)
  • Schubert, A.-L., Frischkorn, G. T., Hagemann, D., & Voss, A. (2016). Trait Characteristics of Diffusion Model Parameters. Journal of Intelligence, 4 (online) doi:10.3390/jintelligence4030007. (PDF)
  • Bergmann, K., Schubert, A.-L., Hagemann, D., & Schankin, A. (2016). Age-related differences in the P3 amplitude in change blindness. Psychological Research, 80, 660-676. doi:10.1007/s00426-015-0669-6
  • Schubert, A.-L., Hagemann, D., Voss, A., Schankin, A., & Bergmann, K. (2015). Decomposing the relationship between mental speed and mental abilities. Intelligence, 51, 28-46.
  • Danner, D., Hagemann, D., & Fiedler, K. (2015). Mediation analysis with structural equation models: Combining theory, design, and statistics. European Journal of Social Psychology, 45, 460-481.
  • Schankin, A., Hagemann, D., & Wascher, E. (2015). Simon effects in change detection and change blindness. Psychological Research, 79, 1022-1033.
  • Ziegler, M., & Hagemann, D. (2015). Testing the unidimensionality of items: Pitfalls and loopholes. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 31, 231-237.
  • Vetter, M., Eib, C., Hill-Kloß, S., Wollscheid, P., & Hagemann, D. (2014). Entwicklung und Validierung einer Skala zum sozialen Exhibitionismus im Internet (SEXI). Diagnostica, 60, 153-165.
  • Hager, M., Hagemann, D., Danner, D., & Schankin, A. (2012). Assessing aesthetic appreciation of visual artworks — the construction of the Art Percetion Survey (ARS). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. 6, 320-333.
  • Bertsch, K., Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., Schächtinger, H., & Schulz, A. (2012). Stability of heart rate variability indices reflecting parasympathetic activity. Psychophysiology, 49, 672-682.
  • Schankin, A., Hagemann, D., Danner, D. & Hager, M. (2011). Violations of implicit rules elicit an early negativity in the ERP. NeuroReport, 22, 642-645.
  • Danner, D., Hagemann, D., Schankin, A., Hager, M., & Funke, J. (2011). Beyond IQ: A latent state-trait analysis of general intelligence, dynamic decision making, and implicit learning. Intelligence, 39, 323-334.
  • Danner, D., Hagemann, D., Holt, D., V., Hager, M., Schankin, A., Wüstenberg, S., & Funke, J. (2011). Measuring performance in dynamic decision making: Reliability and validity of the tailershop simulation. Journal of Individual Differences, 32, 225-233.
  • Hermes, M., Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., & Walter, C. (2011). Extraversion and its positive emotional core — further evidence from neuroscience. Emotion, 11, 367-378.
  • Pfeiffer, N., Backenstraß, M., & Hagemann, D. (2011). A new method for estimating the variance overlap between the short and the long form of a psychological test. Educational Measuremen, 71, 380-388.
  • Schankin, A., Hagemann, D., & Schubö, A. (2011). Is contextual cueing more than the guidance of visual-spatial attention? Biological Psychology, 87, 58-65.
  • Hagemann, D., Hewig, J., Walter, C., & Naumann, E. (2009). Positive evidence for Eysenck's arousal hypothesis. A combined EEG and MRI study with multiple occasions. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 717-721.
  • Schankin, A., Hagemann, D., & Wascher, E. (2009). The N2pc as electrophysiological correlate of attention in change blindness. Journal of Psychophysiology, 23, 43-51.
  • Bertsch, K., Hagemann, D., Hermes, M., Walter, C., Khan, R., & Naumann, E. (2009). Resting cerebral blood flow, cognitive functions, and aging. Brain Research, 1267, 77-88.
  • Hagemann, D., & Naumann, E. (2009). States vs. traits: An integrated model for the test of Eysenck's arousal hypothesis. Journal of Individual Differences, 30, 87-99.
  • Hermes, M., Hagemann, D., Britz, P., Lieser, S., Naumann, E., & Walter, C. (2009). Latent state-trait structure of cerebral blood flow in a resting state. Biological Psychology, 80, 196-202.
  • Hagemann, D., & Meyerhoff, D. (2008). A simplified estimation of latent state-trait parameters. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15, 627-650).
  • Hagemann, D., Hewig, J., Walter, C., & Naumann, E. (2008). Skull thickness and EEG alpha activity. Clinical Neurophysiology.119, 1271-1280.
  • Hellhammer, J., Fries, E., Schweisthal, O. W., Schlotz, W., Stone, A. A., & Hagemann, D. (2007). Several daily measurements are necessary to reliably assess the cortisole rise after awakening: State and trait components. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 80-86.
  • Hermes, M., Hagemann, D., Britz, P., Lieser, S., Rock, J., Naumann, E., et al. (2007). Reproducibility of continuous arterial spin labeling perfusion MRI after 7 weeks. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, 20, 103-115.
  • Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Seifert, J., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2006). The relation of cortical activity and BIS/BAS on the trait level. Biological Psychology, 71, 42-53.
  • Seifert, J., Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2006). Motivated executive attention — incentives and the noise-compatibility effect. Biological Psychology, 71, 80-89.
  • Hagemann, D., Hewig, J., Naumann, E., Seifert, J., & Bartussek, D. (2005). Resting brain asymmetry and affective reactivity: Aggregated data supports the right-hemisphere hypothesis. Journal of Individual Differences, 26, 139-154.
  • Hagemann, D., Hewig, J., Naumann, E., Seifert, J., & Bartussek, D. (2005). The latent state-trait structure of resting EEG asymmetry: Replication and extension. Psychophysiology, 42, 740-752.
  • Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Seifert, J., Gollwitzer, M., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2005). A revised film set for the induction of basic emotions. Cognition and Emotion, 19, 1095-1109.
  • Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Seifert, J., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2005). The relation of cortical activity and personality in a reinforced Go-Nogo paradigm. Journal of Individual Differences, 26, 86-99.
  • Becker, G., Hagemann, D., Bartussek, D., Naumann, E., & Schneider, Ch. (2004). Stimulus analysis and response organization in the CVN-paradigm: ERP studies about extraversion, cognitive information processing, and motor preparation. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 893-911.
  • Hagemann, D. (2004). Individual differences in anterior EEG-Asymmetry: Methodological problems and solutions. Biological Psychology, 67, 157-182.
  • Hewig, J., Hagemann, D., Seifert, J., Naumann, E., & Bartussek, D. (2004). On the selective relation of frontal cortical asymmetry and anger-out versus anger-control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 926-939.
  • Hagemann, D., Waldstein, S., & Thayer, J. F. (2003). Central and autonomic nervous system integration in emotion. Brain and Cognition, 52, 79-87.
  • Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., Hagemann, D., & Costa, P.T. Jr. (2003). Individual difference variables, affective differentiation, and the structure of affect. Journal of Personality, 71, 669-703.
  • Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., Thayer, J. F., & Bartussek, D. (2002). Does resting EEG asymmetry reflect a trait? An application of latent state-trait theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 619-641.
  • Hagemann, D., & Naumann, E. (2001). The effects of ocular artifacts on (lateralized) broadband power in the EEG. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112, 215-231.
  • Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., & Thayer, J. F. (2001). The quest for the EEG reference revisited: A glance from brain asymmetry research. Psychophysiology, 38, 847-857.
  • Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., Lürken, A., Becker, G., Maier, S., & Bartussek, D. (1999). EEG asymmetry, dispositional mood and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 541-568.
  • Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., Maier, S., Becker, G., Lürken, A., & Bartussek, D. (1999). The assessment of affective reactivity using films: Validity, reliability, and sex differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 627-639.
  • Hagemann, D., Naumann, E., Becker, G., Maier, S., & Bartussek, D. (1998). Frontal brain asymmetry and affective style: A conceptual replication. Psychophysiology, 35, 372-388.

2. Books

  • Stemmler, G., Hagemann, D., Amelang, M. & Spinath, F. (2016). Differentielle Psychologie und Persönlichkeitsforschung. 8. Aufl. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • Stemmler, G., Hagemann, D., Amelang, M. & Bartussek, D., (2011). Differentielle Psychologie und Persönlichkeitsforschung. 7. Aufl. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • Amelang, M., Bartussek, D., Stemmler, G. & Hagemann, D. (2006). Differentielle Psychologie und Persönlichkeitsforschung. 6. Aufl. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • Hagemann, D. (1999). Tonische Asymmetrien corticaler Aktiviertheit und affektive Dispositionen: Eine empirische Untersuchung latenter State- und Traitvariablen. Berlin: Logos-Verlag.

3. Book chapters

  • Hagemann, D. (2010). Intelligenz, Begabung und Geschlecht aus Sicht der Psychologie. In Deutscher Hochschulverband (Hrsg.), Intelligenz, Begabung und Geschlecht im Spiegel der Wissenschaft (S. 12-25). Bonn: Deutscher Hochschulverband.
  • Hagemann, D. (2009). Das Gespenst des Reduktionismus. Der Versuch einer Geisteraustreibung. In H. R. Yousefi & C. Dick (Hrsg.), Das Wagnis des Neuen. Kontexte und Restriktionen der Wissenschaft (S. 339-357). Nordhausen: Traugott Bautz.
  • Hagemann, D. (2009). Belohnungs- und Bestrafungssensibilität. In V. Brandstätter-Morawietz & J. H. Otto (Hrsg.), Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion (S. 306-313). Göttingen: Hogreve.
  • Hagemann, D. (2008). Individuelle Unterschiede der Herzratenvariabilität bei emotionalen Reaktionen. In W. Janke, M. Schmidt-Daffy & G. Debus & (Hrsg.), Experimentelle Emotionspsychologie: Methodische Ansätze, Probleme, Ergebnisse (S. 585-602). Lengerich: Pabst Verlag.
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Editor: Martin Lingnau
Last Change: 28.09.2016