Experimental and Theoretical Psychology
Research on Complex Problem Solving (Komplexes Problemlösen)Since about 1975, problem solving research in Germany has shifted its attention from simple to complex problems due to ideas developed by Dietrich Dörner (now at Bamberg University). Complex problems are presented to human subjects as computersimulated scenarios which they have to explore and control. Complex problem are called "complex" due to their system attributes like complexity, connectivity, intransparency, dynamics, and polytely.
During the discussion about research strategies for analyzing Complex Problem Solving, two different schools or traditions emerged. Following Buchner (1995), the first tradition (Bamberg School; Dietrich Dörner, Harald Schaub, Stefan Strohschneider) is interested in differential effects of variables like intelligence or self-esteem. The second tradition (Axel Buchner, Joachim Funke, Horst Müller) makes a focus on system attributes, asking for the effects of degree of time delay, number of side effects, and so on. The last mentioned approach has a offered a list of research principles.
More information about Complex Problem Solving
Software Tools and Scenarios
MacFAUST: Software for constructing finite state automata
COMMERCE: a microworld developed by Tilmann Betsch, Andreas Glöckner, and Susanne Haberstroh for analyzing routine decision making Bamberger Forschungsszenarios: A list of microworlds (and other software) developed by the Bamberg Group (in German)
FSYS: a computerbased assessment for complex problem solving developed by Dietrich Wagener, Universität Mann (in German)
Funke & Frensch (1995), review article Complex problem solving research in North America and Europe: An integrative review
Funke (1992), Wissen über dynamische Systeme
Funke (1986), Komplexes Problemlösen (in German)
Funke (1986), Überblick über computersimulierte Szenarien aus Untersuchungen zum Komplexen Problemlösen (in German)
Handeln in Unbestimmtheit und Komplexität (Uni Bamberg, in German)
The Cybernetic Website of Frederic Vester (in German)
Acquisition and Use of Knowledge in the Control of a Dynamic System (Wolfgang Schoppek, Bayreuth University)